Sexual rights represent the right of every human being to have and live their own sexuality. Among them we can list the right to choose a partner, to decide whether to have sexual relations or not, the right to be informed about sexuality, etc.
Reproductive rights represent the right of every human being to make choices about pregnancy, contraceptive methods, or abortion.
The main sexual and reproductive rights are:
- The right to life – refers to the medical assistance received during pregnancy and childbirth; women’s medical services must not be based on any other consideration than the well-being of her and her pregnancy.
- The right to private life – refers to the right to make your own choices regarding sexuality, as well as the confidentiality that must be respected by those who provide you with medical, social, psychological, etc. assistance.
- The right to equality – refers to the right to be treated equally and not to be discriminated against for ethnic, religious, gender-related or health reasons; men and women have equal rights.
- The right to personal freedom and safety – refers to the right to one’s own body and sex life, the right to choose freely if and when you want to have children, the right to have access to reproductive health services.
- The right to freedom of thought – refers to the right to have one’s own opinion on sexuality and sexual health, as well as the right to discuss these opinions.
- The right to information and education – refers to the right to receive all the information necessary to take care of your sexual and reproductive health.
- The right to marry and found a family – refers to the right to decide if and when you want to start a family, as well as when you want children and the spacing between pregnancies.
- The right not to be subjected to torture and ill-treatment – refers to the right to be protected against all forms of violence related to sexuality, such as sexual harassment, sexual assault or rape (including marital rape), human trafficking, child abuse or female genital mutilation.
- The right to medical assistance – refers to the right of access to medical assistance and to benefit from medical care under the conditions established by the laws in the field.
In Romania, rights in the field of reproduction are stipulated in Law no. 46 of January 21, 2003, regarding patient rights.