Gender-based violence is a serious violation of human rights. The obligations and commitments articulated in numerous international and regional instruments, including the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Beijing Platform for Action, the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, Security Council Resolutions 1308, 1325, 1820, 1888 and others, provide a global perspective that requires the UN and States Parties to take action at all appropriate levels.
There are three key principles underlying Sexual Violence in Conflict and Post-Conflict:
- violence against women and girls is almost always more prevalent than violence against men and boys in conflict situations;
- men and boys are part of the problem and need to become a bigger part of the solution;
- sexual violence against women and girls, as well as boys and men, stems from many of the same root causes and therefore solutions need to be addressed in a more holistic way.